I feel like BASH is sometimes an overlooked tool these days. Writing scripts is simple, and a script can create efficient command line interfaces to achieve tasks that would normally take a lot longer. A great example of this is starting, stopping, and restarting Apache on the IBM i. For those of us not accustomed to the green screen, there’s the HTTPAdmin Web GUI where the user can go to manage Apache servers. While HTTPAdmin is a nice tool, it can also be cumbersome, and it adds time to development when the developer has to leave the command line environment and use a GUI to restart a server.
In this article I’ll be discussing how to write apachectl as a BASH script for the IBM i as an example of how writing BASH scripts can greatly simplify tasks.
Picking a Location for Scripts
Scripts can be placed anywhere as long as the directory they’re in is added to PATH. I suggest keeping custom scripts inside the user’s home directory and inside a bin folder. So, for example, the place I would store all my custom scripts is /home/josh/bin.
To enable these scripts, add their bin to the PATH. In the .bashrc within the user’s home directory on the IBM i, just add something like this:
This appends the user’s home folder bin to
PATH. Now any scripts within that directory will be usable no matter whatdirectory the user is in.
Although one could just name the file apachectl and use it as such, I like to keep .sh on my custom user bin scripts so it is easy to differentiate and doesn’t override any other scripts.
Create the folder and file in whatever manner is easiest. The command line way:
$ mkdir /home/<user>/bin
$ touch /home/<user>/bin/apachectl.sh
The contents of my apachectl.sh currently contains:
echo "Use: $cmd start|stop|restart <server>"
echo "e.g.: $cmd start zendsvr6"
if [ $# -eq 2 ]
case "$action" in
system "STRTCPSVR SERVER(*HTTP) HTTPSVR($server)"
system "ENDTCPSVR SERVER(*HTTP) HTTPSVR($server)"
system "STRTCPSVR SERVER(*HTTP) RESTART(*HTTP) HTTPSVR($server)"
Enabling and Using apachectl.sh
Sometimes it is necessary to enable a bash script. If there are issues running the script, try chmod +x /home/<user>/bin/apachectl.sh.
If PATH has been properly set, and apachectl.sh is written and ready, then the user should be able to use the script from anywhere while in BASH.
$ apachectl.sh stop zendsvr6
$ apachectl.sh start zendsvr6
$ apachectl.sh restart zendsvr6
Since it’s a command in PATH , the user will have the convenience of tab completion as well when writing the command.
Here it is in action: