April 26, 2017
- Download CentOS 7
- Install CentOS 7
- Setup network
- Add Required Repositories
- Install Xorg
- Install lightdm
- Install i3wm
- Start GUI manually
- Start GUI automatically
- Optional packages for customizing i3wm
Most commands will need to be ran with super user permissions. Just prepend with
sudoif any permissions errors occur.
Download CentOS 7
Download the preferred version of CentOS. I suggest the “Everything” version for this tutorial.
Install CentOS 7
Installation is rather simple. I suggest the following configuration when reaching the
Software Selection screen:
Basic Web Server > Backup Client Debugging Tools Directory Client Language Support Security Tools Any preferred languages
If one prefers not to have i3wm and would like to just use CentOS 7 with either KDE or Gnome from this point, they should feel free to select
Development and Creative Workstationinstead of
Basic Web Serverin the first pane and choose their preferred GUI/Window Manager now. Otherwise, continue on for a simple i3wm quickstart guide.
After choosing software, continue the installation as normal. Set a root password, setup a new administrator user, and finish. Once rebooted and logged in as the new user, we can begin setting things up and installing i3wm.
This is necessary to communicate with the outside world, which we need to do in order to install software packages.
Follow instructions at krizna. The first
three steps under
GUI Mode are all that are necessary.
Add Required Repositories
Run these commands in order to install the two extra package repositories we need.
EPEL 7 Repository:
$ su -c 'rpm -Uvh http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/7/x86_64/e/epel-release-7-9.noarch.rpm'
$ yum install -y dnf dnf-plugins-core $ sudo dnf config-manager --add-repo https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/admiralnemo/i3wm-el7/repo/epel-7/admiralnemo-i3wm-el7-epel-7.repo
groupinstall to ensure we get everything we need.
$ yum groupinstall "X Window System" "Desktop" "Desktop Platform"
lightdm is a lightweight package that will allow for a login screen
$ yum install lightdm xorg-x11-xinit-session
Install i3wm along with
lilyterm just to get us started.
LilyTerm is a lightweight terminal emulator. i3 does not come
$ yum install dejavu-sans-fonts dejavu-sans-mono-fonts dejavu-serif-fonts i3 i3status lilyterm
Start GUI manually
Start the GUI manually from command line using the following command:
$ systemctl isolate graphical.target
You should be greeted with a login screen.
You may need to manually select
i3 from the settings menu in the top right before logging in.
Once logged in, i3 should be ready to go!
Start GUI automatically
All that needs to happen in order for the GUI to start automatically at startup is for this command to be ran:
$ systemctl set-default graphical.target
Optional packages for customizing i3wm
For more customization, I suggest installing the following packages.
py3status is used for customizing the status bar further.
$ yum install py3status
feh is used to customize the background for i3wm.
$ yum install feh